During pregnancy, the changing hormone levels in your body can leave your mouth more vulnerable to bacteria, which leads to tender gums during pregnancy. This can put you at greater risk for tooth decay and gum disease.
Some dental issues to monitor during pregnancy:
Gum inflammation is the most common thing to occur during the second trimester. Your gums may be swollen, tender, and may bleed a little during brushing and flossing.
Also plaque build up during pregnancy is common, but brushing and flossing regularly can help to control it. Your body may not fight off plaque as easily when you’re pregnant, which can lead to tooth decay and gingivitis. You can also ask your dentist about an antimicrobial mouthwash to help keep plaque away. A dental hygienist will also remove plaque buildup during your regularly scheduled dental appointment.
Although pregnancy does not cause periodontal disease, pregnancy can exacerbate this condition, which can result from untreated gingivitis.
Pregnancy tumors are overgrowths of tissue appear that on the gums, most often during the second trimester. They are non-cancerous growths believed to be related to excess plaque. They may bleed easily and will usually disappear after the baby is born.
Dental Hygiene during Pregnancy
Here are some dental hygiene some tips to keep in mind while you’re pregnant:
Make sure to brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste. If your gums are swollen and tender due to pregnancy gingivitis, try changing to an extra soft toothbrush and brush as gently as possible. After all, it’s the brushing motions that clean teeth—not the pressure of the toothbrush.
Floss gently once a day. Swollen and tender gums during pregnancy are normal, but consult your dentist if you have concerns.
Visit your dentist regularly for a professional cleaning and check-up. Ask your dentist about an antimicrobial mouth rinse to help combat the increase of plaque. Eat a diet rich with calcium, B12 and vitamin C to help keep gums healthy.